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Pike Place Market (Quelle)

A Market Is Born
Seattle's Pike Place Market celebrates its anniversary every year on August 17. Nearly a century after its founding, the Market remains a vital part of our city's economy and is visited by more than nine million people each year. The Market was born in 1907 from citizen outrage at the high cost of produce. The retail price of onions rose from 10 cents to $1 per pound between 1906 and 1907, and Seattle City Councilman Thomas Revelle called for an investigation. Farmers told of being cheated by middlemen and receiving late commissions, or no commissions at all. As a solution, Revelle proposed a public street market. On opening day August 17, 1907, eight farmers brought their wagons to the corner of First and Pike — and were overwhelmed by an estimated 10,000 eager shoppers. By 11 a.m., they were sold out. Thousands of shoppers went home empty-handed, but the chaos held promise. By November 30, 1907, the first Market building opened, with every space filled. At the dedication, Revelle pronounced to the crowd: "This market is yours. I dedicate it to you, and may it prove a benefit to you and your children. It is for you to defend, to protect, and to uphold, and it is for you to see that those who occupy it treat you fairly…. This is one of the greatest days in the history of Seattle, but it is only a beginning, for soon this city will have one of the greatest markets in the world."

Growth and Development
Within three months of the Market's opening in 1907, Frank Goodwin designed and developed the first farmer stalls on the sidewalks along Pike Place. By 1911, a long, covered arcade stretched from Pike Street to Stewart Street. Today that area is called the North Arcade and is occupied by farmers and craftspeople. In Goodwin's time, "Dry Row" was along the west wall. It was the farthest from the weather and had no access to running water. Opposite was "Wet Row," where running water was available. ...